Liver Transplant Criteria
General abdominal and liver pains which are sometimes confused with each other are not an automatic reason for a liver transplant, but it’s better to know the all liver transplant criteria if you ever need. There is a criterion that guides the necessity for a liver transplant which medical professionals abide by.
Conditions That Meet A Liver Transplant Criteria
Hepatic transplantation procedures are normally provided to patients with failing livers that can longer be medically treated. Such patients are estimated to have less than two years of life if they do not get a liver transplant. This is after it is ascertained that no medical, alternative, or surgical therapy can cure their failing organs. The main objective is to prolong the patients life and provide a better quality of life. This means that the patients must certain liver transplant criteria before they can receive a hepatic transplantation. Some of the major factors considered in liver transplant criteria include the following:
Metabolic liver transplant criterias
To receive a liver transplant, the patient must demonstrate a complete internal resilience to medical or other treatment for conditions such as tyrosinemia, hemochromatosis, Wilsons disease, glycogen storage disease, or a defiency in alpha 1 antitrypsin.
A transplant is usually recommended for patients showing early signs of liver cancer if the cancer is only concentrated in the liver. An example of a carcinogenic condition that meets hepatic liver transplantat criteria is hepatocellular carcinoma, which is a hepatic liver tumor.
Different types of hepatitis including types B, C, and D as well as autoimmune chronic hepatitis are also considered as necessary conditions for a liver transplant.
Cirrhosis is evaluated on a person to person basis to determine if it meets hepatic transplantation criteria. The evaluation is based on the persons general health conditions and the presence of absence of alcoholism. Normally, biliary cirrhosis and atresia as well as schlerosing cholangitis are conditions that automatically meet the liver transplant criteria.
There are other special cases such as hypertension which are considered on a case to case basis to evaluate if the patient can benefit from a liver transplant.
Liver pain and liver transplant criteria
Liver pain is not an automatic qualification for a liver transplant. This is because liver pain is caused by a variety of ailments that can independently be treated without the need for a liver transplant. The pain is usually felt in the upper-right quadrant in the rib cage and is characterized by a sharp or dull ache. Some of the conditions that result in liver pain include:
- Medical conditions such as jaundice, joint pains, swollen testis, and painful breathing or coughs.
- Lifestyle problems such as eating disorders, and exhaustion.
- Workplace accidents or sports injuries.
It is also important to differentiate between liver pain and abdominal pains to avoid confusion. Generally, all upper-right abdominal pain constitutes liver pain. Consult a doctor or medical practitioner to determine whether the kind of pain you feel in your abdomen is related to the liver, kidney, or pancreas. Liver pain might also result from excessive consumption of alcohol and may be an indicator of a condition such as hepatitis induced or worsened by alcohol. However, you will need to consult a medical professional and undergo a series of tests to determine if you meet the liver transplant criteria.